From W7-X towards iter and beyond: status and progress in EU fusion gyrotron developments
Proc. IEEE Int. Vacuum Electronics Conf. (IVEC), 2015, Apr, pp. 1–2
In Europe, significant progress in gyrotron research, development and manufacturing has been made in 2014, starting from the successful continuation of the 1 MW, 140 GHz gyrotron production for the stellarator Wendelstein 7-X (W7-X) at Greifswald, Germany and the accelerated development of the EU 1 MW, 170 GHz conventional cavity gyrotron for the ITER tokamak at Cadarache, France. Based on that, a physical design activity was started which shall lead to a dual frequency gyrotron for TCV, Lausanne, Switzerland. Within the European fusion development consortium (EUROfusion), advanced gyrotron research and development has started towards a future gyrotron design which shall fulfil the needs of DEMO, the nuclear fusion demonstration power plant that will follow ITER. Within that research and development, the development of advanced design tools, components, and proper test environment is progressing as well. A comprehensive view over the status and prospects of the different development lines shall be presented.